In recent years, more action has been taken to reduce the amount of pollution from the shipping industry. For example, regulations regarding Sulphur Oxides (SOX) emissions from ships have been in force since 2000. These rules have gradually lowered the maximum amount of SOx in ships’ emissions. In October 2016, the International Maritime Organization announced it was going ahead with a global sulphur cap of 0.5% on marine fuels starting from 1 January 2020. The Emission Control Areas (ECAs) will also then be subject to a sulphur cap of 0.1%, as stated in the MARPOL Annex VI.
These stricter regulations will significantly affect the shipping sector. Ships sailing for a high percentage of their time within the ECAs will be most affected by the 2020 sulphur cap. Conventional heavy fuel oil (HFO) is currently the most commonly used fuel in the shipping industry; with the new regulations, this will be considered a non-compliant fuel. This means that a lot of ship owners will need to find a way to comply with the MARPOL Annex VI Regulation.
In general, the three most viable ways of compliance are as follows:
- Switching to a Low-Sulphur Fuel Oil or a distillate fuel;
- Using Liquefied Natural Gas as fuel;
- Continue using HFO as fuel and installing a scrubber.
The third option – installing a scrubber – leads to further choices as there are three different types of scrubbers to be considered. This makes a total of five viable choices on how to comply. Each option has its own pros, cons and remarks. Making the right choice can therefore be considerably difficult.
As a solution to these difficulties, C-Job has developed a tool to aid in the decision-making process.
After answering ten simple questions, the compliance tool matches the best option to your requirements. This includes a short explanation about the working principles, as well as the pros and cons, of this option.
Please note that the compliance tool works by comparing the underlying criteria of your answers (based on a multi-criteria analysis principle). This means it does not offer the perfect solution, but gives the relative most suitable option based on the selected statements.
For the perfect solution that matches your specific needs, please contact us!