Methanol is already well-established as an alternative fuel. While the main production of methanol still relies on ‘grey’ production, new technologies to produce ‘green’ methanol are on the rise. C-Job believes methanol will be one of the sustainable fuels used in the maritime industry.
What is methanol?
Methanol, CH3OH, is a light flammable liquid. It consists of hydrogen (H), oxygen (O), and carbon (C).
Methanol is the shortest/simplest form of alcohol. Traditionally methanol is produced with fossil fuels also known as ‘grey’ methanol. Alternatively, methanol can also be in a sustainable way either using carbon-neutral biomass or renewable synthetic production both resulting in green methanol. Renewable synthetic production uses CO2 sourced from the air by means of air separation and hydrogen obtained from the electrolysis of water followed by methanol synthesis.
Methanol as a maritime fuel
Methanol is already well-established as a fuel. It has no sulfur oxide (SOx) and particulate matter emissions. When produced in a sustainable way it is CO2 neutral from well to propeller. In terms of storage, methanol can be stored at atmospheric conditions and requires less volume than for example ammonia. These conditions make the fuel more practical and less expensive in terms of capital expenditures. What it will come down to is the total cost ownership with a focus on operational expenditures. Methanol is more costly to produce than other renewable fuels, leading to a higher OPEX. This higher OPEX could be compensated if the added value of clean(er) transported is added in the comparison. This can be done by taxation on harmful emissions (euro/ton CO2-eq) for example. Alternatively, a shipowner could explore opportunities and willingness amongst its client to pay more for clean(er) transport.
Green Maritime Methanol consortium
The Green Maritime Methanol consortium was founded in 2019. The consortium consists of leading international maritime companies and is supported by Maritime Knowledge Centre. The consortium aims to further investigate the feasibility of methanol as a sustainable alternative fuel in the maritime industry.
The consortium specifically wants to look at how methanol power generation systems will impact ship design and the power generation system itself. In the two years the project takes place, research should show whether the aim to lower the barrier for methanol implementation both on vessels and the entire supply chain is feasible.
C-Job contribution focused on design input as well as safety analysis and risk assessments. With the design, the company concentrates on systems integration; designing an effective and balanced solution that matches the requirements.
As methanol could be used across the maritime industry as a renewable fuel, the consortium is looking at various vessel types. Activities included retrofit designs in vessels ranging from cargo vessels to dredgers to navy auxiliary vessels and offshore vessels.